EXERCISES FOR STROKE
Stroke is a serious medical condition that affects millions of people around the world every year. It occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted, causing brain cells to die. Stroke can cause a range of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms, which can be challenging to manage. However, exercise can help stroke survivors regain strength, coordination, and balance, and improve overall quality of life. In this article, we’ll answer some frequently asked questions about exercises for stroke, with advice from Dr. Nitin Jagdhane, a leading neurosurgeon specializing in brain and spine care in Mumbai.
Q: What are some exercises that can help stroke survivors regain strength and mobility?
A: There are several exercises that can help stroke survivors regain strength, mobility, and balance, including:
- Range-of-motion exercises: These exercises help maintain or improve joint flexibility and can include simple stretches or exercises that involve moving the arms, legs, or neck through their full range of motion.
- Resistance training: This type of exercise involves using weights or resistance bands to build strength and improve muscle tone. It can be helpful for stroke survivors who have lost muscle mass or have weakness on one side of the body.
- Balance exercises: These exercises can help improve balance and coordination, which can be affected by stroke. Examples include standing on one leg or using a balance board.
- Cardiovascular exercise: Activities such as walking, cycling, or swimming can help improve overall physical health and reduce the risk of future strokes.
Q: How often should stroke survivors exercise?
A: The frequency and intensity of exercise will depend on the individual’s needs and overall health. Dr. Nitin Jagdhane advises starting with gentle exercises and gradually increasing the intensity and duration as the body allows. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise per day, five days per week. However, stroke survivors should listen to their bodies and not push themselves too hard, as this can lead to injury or worsen symptoms.
Q: Are there any exercises stroke survivors should avoid?
A: There are some exercises that may be unsafe or inappropriate for stroke survivors. Dr. Nitin Jagdhane advises stroke survivors to avoid high-impact activities, such as running or jumping, and exercises that require a lot of balance or coordination, such as skiing or rock climbing. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a physical therapist or neurologist, before starting any exercise program.
Q: Can exercise alone help stroke survivors recover, or do they need other interventions, such as medication or therapy?
A: Exercise can be an important part of stroke recovery, but it is not a substitute for other interventions, such as medication or therapy. Dr. Nitin Jagdhane advises stroke survivors to work with a healthcare professional to develop a comprehensive treatment plan that may include medication, physical therapy, and other interventions.
Q: Can exercise prevent future strokes?
A: Exercise can help reduce the risk of future strokes by improving overall physical health and reducing risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity. However, it is important to work with a healthcare professional to develop a personalized exercise plan that takes into account any underlying health conditions or risk factors.
In conclusion, exercise can be a powerful tool for stroke survivors to regain strength, mobility, and balance, and improve overall quality of life. It is important to work with a healthcare professional, such as Dr. Nitin Jagdhane, to develop a safe and effective exercise program that meets the individual’s needs and goals. By incorporating exercise into their daily routine, stroke survivors can improve their physical and emotional well-being and reduce the risk of future strokes.