Meningioma is a type of brain tumor that affects the meninges, the protective membranous layers that surround and cushion the brain and spinal cord. These membranes play a crucial role in safeguarding the delicate nervous system. Meningioma is often a slow-growing tumor that may not cause any symptoms initially, but it can become problematic if it grows large enough to press against the brain or spinal cord. In this blog post, we will provide comprehensive information on meningioma, its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options, with a focus on Dr. Nitin Jagdhane’s expertise as a top brain and spine specialist neurosurgeon in Mumbai.

Symptoms of meningioma can vary significantly depending on the size, location, and growth rate of the tumor, as well as the individual patient. Some common symptoms include persistent headaches, seizures, vision problems such as double vision or loss of vision, hearing loss, difficulty with balance and coordination, weakness or numbness in the limbs, and changes in mood or behavior. However, it’s important to note that the severity of these symptoms can range from mild to severe based on factors like tumor size and location.

If meningioma is suspected based on the patient’s symptoms or incidental findings, the doctor may order imaging tests such as a computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to get a detailed view of the brain and determine the size, location, and extent of the tumor. Additionally, a biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis and identify the specific type of meningioma, which can guide treatment decisions.

The treatment approach for meningioma depends on several crucial factors, including the size and location of the tumor, the patient’s overall health and age, and whether the tumor is actively growing or causing significant symptoms. Dr. Nitin Jagdhane, as an experienced neurosurgeon, may recommend the following treatment options:

1. Observation: In some cases, particularly with small, slow-growing meningiomas that are not causing symptoms, the doctor may recommend regular monitoring through periodic imaging tests to watch for any changes in the tumor’s size or behavior. Treatment may be deferred unless the tumor shows signs of growth or starts causing symptoms.

2. Surgery: If the tumor is large or causing significant symptoms, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Dr. Nitin Jagdhane is an expert in minimally invasive brain surgery techniques, such as endoscopic endonasal approaches or keyhole craniotomies, which allow for precise tumor removal while minimizing trauma to surrounding healthy brain tissue.

3. Radiation therapy: In certain cases, radiation therapy may be used to destroy any remaining cancer cells after surgery or if the tumor cannot be safely removed surgically due to its location or other factors. Dr. Nitin Jagdhane is skilled in utilizing advanced radiation therapy techniques like stereotactic radiosurgery, which uses highly focused beams of radiation to target the tumor with pinpoint accuracy while minimizing exposure to nearby healthy tissue. In some instances, traditional external beam radiation therapy may also be employed.

Additionally, researchers are exploring emerging and experimental treatments for meningioma, such as targeted drug therapies and immunotherapies, which could potentially offer new treatment avenues in the future.

If you are experiencing any symptoms that may indicate the presence of a meningioma or other brain tumor, it is crucial to seek prompt medical attention. Dr. Nitin Jagdhane, a top brain and spine specialist neurosurgeon in Mumbai, possesses the expertise and advanced technical skills to provide an accurate diagnosis and develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific condition and needs. With his extensive experience and cutting-edge surgical techniques, you can trust that you are in highly capable hands with Dr. Nitin Jagdhane. Be sure to discuss all available treatment options with him to determine the most appropriate approach for your individual case.